Design and Detailing

We excel in designing and detailing work and prepare the following:

  • Anchor Bolt Plan or layout
  • Base Plate Details and reactions
  • Erection drawings
  • Shop and Fabrication drawings
  • Civil construction drawings
  • Construction Drawings for Execution (Erection)

Anchor Bolt Plan or Layout:

Our experienced foundation engineer abiding local city, state and country codes design the pre-engineered buildings. We ensure that our construction has the desired design along with proper load conditions. Foundation must have a sharp formation of corners, straight sides and a levelled top. Thus, there is proper seating and alignment of all building components.

Lakshay Enterprises (LNT) team specialises in anchor bolt drawings. We provide guidelines for the basic outline and foundation designs. We are proud of our accurate drawings of the foundation construction and anchor bolt settings. These ensure in making component alignment and fit-up with no hassle. We are very careful not to make any foundation errors. Any incorrect location of anchor bolts can cause unwanted problems during metal building construction.

Lakshay Enterprises (LNT) team strongly believes that foundation must the following characteristics:

  • Experienced foundation engineer who would use all local city, state and country codes.
  • Foundation must always be square, smooth and level.
  • Anchor bolts should be always within +/- 1/16” of the specified anchor bolt drawing dimensions.

The precision of setting the Anchor bolts during construction of industries or commercial buildings is challenging. Our clients select us for our efficient and accurate setting of anchor bolts. We use heavy machinery and steel columns for the purpose.

Base Plate Details and reactions:

There are numerous base plates that are used at Lakshay Enterprises (LNT):

  • Flexible end-plates
    • Fin plates.
  • Beam-to-beam and beam-to-column connections using:
  • Partial depth end plates
  • Full depth end plates
  • Fin plates
  • Column splices (bolted cover plates or end plates)
  • Column bases
  • Bracing connections (Gusset plates).

In addition, there are simple connections for skewed joints, beams, columns and webs. These are considered special connections. The standard connections are published in the ‘Green Book’ (SCI P358). There are several benefits of standardisation of the steelwork. In a multi-storey frame, we use steel connections less than 5% of the frame weight. The cost is just 30% or more of the total cost. We believe that efficient connections provide lowest detailing, fabrication and erection labour content.

Lakshay Enterprises (LNT) uses standardised connections while constructing. We use specialist machinery to enhance the speed of fabrication. The details of the steelwork are easy and environment-friendly for construction. Since the joints are bolted, they can be easily dismantled, reused or recycled. 

Erection drawings:

Lakshay Enterprises (LNT) provides professional erection drawings. The engineering team draws in details to find each individual piece of the assigned erection marks. The erection drawings show the sizes of the items to the scale. Sufficient information is provided so construction can be carried out.

We at Lakshay Enterprises (LNT) recommend that erection drawings before the detailing work of any project. Hence, all the necessary information can be verified by both parties. After we make a drawing, we prepare a set of erection drawings. Eventually, the project leader monitors the progress of the detailing work to our team of erectors.

We prepare the erection drawings that are later used for fabrication and erection. During erection, the erector has to understand how to frame together for the construction. Hence, enough information should be present in the erection drawings. The team that draws these drawings have to prepare a set of detailed erection drawings. These erection drawings comprise of line diagrams of frames in plans, elevations and sections. The dimensions, erection marks and notes are added whenever necessary. Whenever required bolts installation and field welding are added. Also, at times enlarged details are present. We use the numerical identification of erection drawings such as E1, E2, E101, and E302.

Shop and Fabrication drawings

Lakshay Enterprises (LNT) prepares shop drawings long before fabrication. These shop drawings are generally a set of drawings for prefabricated components. Our shop drawings include dimensions, manufacturing standards for fabrication. Our shop drawings consist of more detailed information than any construction document. The shop drawing is more than just the approval of the architect. It is used as a guideline to the project managers, fabrication team and installers. Shop drawing affects the profit of any project. We depend on shop drawings that lead to erection drawings and fabrication drawings. In this fast moving world, we depend on the diagrams for smooth construction and fabrication.

Civil construction drawings:

There are several types of civil construction drawings prepared by the engineers at Lakshay Enterprises (LNT). Examples of the drawings are given below:

  • Architectural drawing
  • Electrical drawing
  • Finishing drawing
  • Plumbing & sanitary drawing
  • Structural drawing

Architectural drawing:

The drawing shows the complete view of the building. The diagram illustrates the location of the building. The position of the building in reference to the ground is shown in details. These drawings include plan, elevation, section and more.

Electrical drawing:

The drawing describes the location along with the electrical wiring, fixtures and sub-station etc. Generally, this drawing is used for showing the electrical load calculation. 

Finishing drawing:

The drawing is about finishing of the building such as tiles, marble granite etc. This drawing is part of the architectural drawing.

Plumbing and Sanitary drawing:

The drawing shows the location of the sanitary and water supply piping. The fixture and their connections are also present in the drawing.

Structural drawing:

The drawing shows details of the structure, material, grade, size and placement. This drawing also has many other drawing sheets included with it.

Construction Drawings for Execution (Erection)

Construction drawings are referred to as plans, blueprints, or working drawings. The significance of the drawings is to see what would be built.  It has details of the material quality we use at Lakshay Enterprises (LNT). The diagram depicts the installation techniques. If the construction information in the drawings looks too basic, then request for the specs. This has the detailed information on materials, techniques and standards met by the team. Sometimes engineers add notes and these may be the same information as in the spec. Always check to see you agree with the spec because it is final and legal.

Construction drawings are always drawn to scale especially the large blueprints. These are used as working drawings at construction sites. Generally, these drawings are drawn at a scale of ¼” per foot. Using the mentioned scale, 1-inch line is in reality 4 ft and so on. There is always a special architectural scale or ruler that makes it easy for viewing. Often, the drawings of the whole house or small details are drawn at a different scale. While creating construction drawings, the engineering team uses standard architectural symbols. These include lines, arrows, squiggles and others. Each symbol is meaningful to people in the construction trade and at Lakshay Enterprises (LNT). Today, there are computerised methods to see the 3D view of a building or construction plan. However, the view is deceptive since everything is on a single, flat plane.